Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages. Acne typically appears on these areas of skin because they have the greatest density of oil (sebaceous) glands. Hair follicles are connected to oil glands. The follicle wall may bulge and produce a whitehead. Or the plug may be open to the surface and darken, causing a blackhead. A blackhead may look like dirt stuck in pores. Pimples are raised red spots with a white center that develop when blocked hair follicles become inflamed or infected with bacteria. Blockages and inflammation that develop deep inside hair follicles produce cyst-like lumps beneath the surface of your skin.
Kinds of Acne
Mild acne is classically defined by the presence of clogged skin follicles (known as comedones) limited to the face with occasional inflammatory lesions. Moderately severe acne is said to occur when a higher number of inflammatory papules and pustules occur on the face as compared to mild cases of acne and are found on the trunk of the body. Severe acne is said to occur when nodules (the painful ‘bumps’ lying under the skin) are the characteristic facial lesions and involvement of the trunk is extensive.
Types of Acne Procedures
Common surgical procedures for treatment of acne include:
- Blemish Excision
- Blemish Extraction
- Laser Surgery
- Chemical Surgery
Reasons To Consider
In a developing country like Pakistan, these facilities are available and can be opted by people suffering from such afflictions. Acne is a major problem in the Pakistani youth and if left untreated, can not only lead to physical scarring but a huge deal of psychological damage as well.