Dental veneers (occasionally called porcelain veneers or dental porcelain laminates) are wafer-thin and customized shells of tooth-colored materials designed for the covering of the front surface of the teeth. The purpose of dental veneers is for the improvement of the appearance of an individual, and are bonded to the front of the teeth resulting in the changing of their color, size, shape, or length. Dental veneers can be made through the use of porcelain or resin composite materials, and the best choice of veneer material should be discussed properly with your dentist.
The procedure for getting a dental veneer firstly consists of X-rays being taken and impressions being made of the patient’s mouth and teeth. Secondly, for the purpose of preparation, the dentist will remove around 0.5 millimeter of enamel from the tooth surface, with is an amount almost equal to the thickness of the veneer to be added to the tooth surface. Before the trimming of the enamel, a local anesthesia will be used for the purpose of the numbing of the area. Then, the dentist will make a model or an impression of the patient’s tooth. Following this, the model will be sent to a dental laboratory where the veneer shall be constructed. It usually takes around 2 – 4 weeks for the veneer to be received. Before the dental veneers is permanently cemented onto one’s tooth, the dentist shall temporarily place it for the examination of its fit and color. Then, the tooth shall be cleaned, polished and etched to prepare it for the veneer. This way, the tooth will be roughened to allow for a strong bonding process. A special cement is added to the veneer, which is then placed onto the tooth. After the proper placement of the tooth, the dentist shall apply a special light onto the veneer activating chemicals in the cement causing it to harden or cure in a quick period of time. Finally, the excess cement shall be removed, the bite of the patient will be evaluated, and if any adjustments are required, they will take place accordingly. Porcelain teeth might be created as dental porcelain is a material used by dental technicians to create life like dental restorations such as veneers.
Side effects of getting dental veneers consist of potential tooth sensitivity, irregularities in color, the gum tissues taking time to adjust to the newly-placed veneers and general discomfort being caused through pain. Furthermore, those who choose veneers have a slightly higher risk of experiencing trauma. Lastly, possible issues with placement can occur as well, as there can be trouble with decay or chipping along the outer portion of the veneers.
Dental veneers are considered as an alternative to various dental treatments out there. One of these treatments is a teeth whitening procedure, which involves the use of a bleaching agent for the whitening of one’s teeth. Secondly, there are dental implants as well, which are man-made tooth roots created for the securing of one’s replacement teeth in a natural manner. A veneer is also an alternative for the application of a dental crown – a tooth-shaped ‘’cap’’ placed over a tooth for the covering of a tooth, and similar to dental veneers, there can porcelain crowns as well. Furthermore, there is also dental bonding – a procedure consisting of a material which is bonded to the tooth of an individual for the improvement of their appearance. In some situations, a tooth extraction might be required as well in which a tooth is pulled out of the patient’s mouth. Lastly, one can receive a filling in their tooth meant for the purpose of repairing cracked or broken teeth.
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