A denture is a removable replacement for teeth which are missing and surrounding tissues. There are types of dentures which are usually available: Complete, and partial dentures. Complete dentures are used when all of the teeth are missing, while partial dentures are used when a few natural teeth remain.
Complete dentures can be either immediate, or conventional. These are made once the teeth have been removed, and the gum tissue has commenced its process. A conventional denture is ready for placement in the mouth usually around eight to twelve weeks after the teeth have been removed. Immediate dentures are different from conventional dentures as they are prepared in advance, and can be positioned as soon as the teeth have been removed. The result of this is that the wearer does not have to live without teeth during the period of healing.
Thus, a disadvantage of immediate dentures in comparison to conventional dentures is that they need more adjustments to fit properly during the process of healing, and therefore, should only be considered as a temporary solution until conventional dentures can be made. On the other hand, partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth are left in the upper or lower jaw. A bridge ends up replacing one or more teeth through the placement of the crown on the teeth on either side of the space, and attaching artificial teeth to them. This ‘’bridge’’ is then solidified into place, and not only does a partial denture fill in the spaces created through missing teeth, it also prevents other teeth from having their position changed. A precision partial denture can be moved, and has internal attachments instead of clasps which attach to the adjacent crowns.
The denture development process takes place for a few weeks, and consists of several dental appointments. A series of impressions of ones jaw are made, along with measurements being made of how ones jaw relates to one another, and the space made between them. Secondly, models and wax forms are created of the exact shape and position of the denture to be made. All of these models will be tried on, and the denture will then be assessed for color, fit, and shape before the final denture is cast. After this, the final denture is cast, and then, all adjustments will be made in accordance to necessity.
If adhesives are used in excess for the filling of voids for an ill-fitting denture, then they can cause harm to the underlying hard and soft tissues. Occasionally, it is possible for the inflammation of the soft tissues to take place. Furthermore, due the movement on the soft tissue along with underlying bone, an ill-fitting denture can potentially result in bone loss.
Dental adhesives are usually considered very safe, as long as they are used in accordance to the directions provided. As long as the denture is fitted well, and the adhesive is used just for the purpose of added stability, no ill effects should be there.
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