A Root Canal procedure is used for the purpose of repairing or saving a tooth which has become badly decayed, or has been infected. In a root canal procedure, the nerve and pulpe are removed, and the inside of the tooth is then cleaned and sealed. If treatment does not take place, the tooth will become infected and abscesses might end up forming. A ‘’root canal’’ is the term used for the description of the natural cavity within the center of the tooth. The pulp or pulp chamber is the soft area present inside the root canal, and the tooth’s nerve lies within the root canal. Additionally, a root canal treatment can be used in situations in which a crown needs to be placed on a tooth/teeth as well.
A root canal surgery is performed by a dentist or an endodontist. An endodontist is a dentist specializing in the causes, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and injuries of the human dental pulp or the nerve of the tooth. The first step of this endodontic treatment is to take an X-ray to see the shape of the tooth canals and check for any signs of infection in a surrounding bone. Then, local anesthesia will be used to numb the area near the tooth to ensure that the patient feels relaxed. Following this, to ensure that the area is dry and free of saliva during treatment, a rubber dam is placed around the tooth. Then, an access hole is drilled into the tooth. The pulp and the bacteria, the decayed nerve tissue and related debris is removed from the tooth. The cleaning out process is completed using root canal files. A series of these files are placed into the access hole and worked down the full length of the tooth to scrape the sides of the root canals. Then in the end, sodium hypochlorite or water is used to flush away the remaining debris.
The following side effects can take place due to a root canal:
New infections can potentially emerge after a root canal. This can occur if there are more than the normally anticipated number of root canals in a tooth, if there is an undetected crack in the root of a tooth, if defective or inadequate dental restoration has taken place allowing bacteria to get past the restoration into the inner parts of the teeth and recontaminate the area, and lastly, a breakdown of the inner sealing material as time as passed by resulting in the allowing of bacteria to re-contaminate the inner aspects of the tooth.
The only alternative to a dental root canal treatment consists of a tooth extraction and having it replaced with a bridge, implant, or removable partial denture for the purpose of the restoration of the function of chewing and to prevent adjacent teeth from shifting. However, these alternatives are more expensive than root canal therapy, and need more treatment time and additional medical support as well.
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