Freckles are tan or light brown spots on the skin of an individual. They are made of clusters of skin cells containing pigment melanin. Freckles are flat, unlike moles, and they aren’t harmful or painful either. Freckles are caused through sun exposure, and while no one is born with them, it is possible for them to be genetic. Most individuals with a lot of freckles have fair skin, although, more or less anyone can get them.
Procedures for the removal of freckles including the following:
1) Laser treatment: This uses pulses of intense and focused light to target areas of the skin which are damaged. This takes around two weeks to recover from, and multiple sessions are usually required to achieve desirable results.
2) Cyrosurgery: This consists of the use of extreme cold (liquid nitrogen) for the purpose of freezing and destroying abnormal skin cells. This is generally safe, and doesn’t require anesthesia either.
3) A chemical peel can be used for the purpose of freckles removal. This uses a chemical solution in order to exfoliate and peel off areas consisting of damaged skin. Once the damaged skin is removed, new skin ends up being generated.
Side effects of laser treatment include Swelling, itching, redness, peeling, crustiness, infection, and changes in skin color. There is a low risk of scarring as well.
Potential side effects of cryosurgery consist of bleeding, hypopigmentation, and blistering. Scarring can occur on rare occasions as well.
Lastly, chemical peels can cause the following: Swelling, crusting, redness, irritation, peeling, and stinging. However, all of these side effects are temporary.
Freckles are noncancerous, however, they can be confused with skin cancer. Excessive sun exposure is a significant risk factor for both melanomas and freckles. If you end up noticing changes in size, shape, or color of a freckle, it is essential to contact your dermatologist, or doctor. Freckles are usually harmless, but most people want to get rid of them for cosmetic purposes. Invasive treatments like laser therapy and chemical peels are effective, however, they require a lot of healing time and can cause intense side effects too.
Thus, if you want to get your freckles removed, it is important to talk to your dermatologist to inquire about the best removal method for you. Regardless of the method one will choose, it is critical to practice safe sun care later on for the prevention of new freckles. Additionally, some freckles might vanish on their own, however, some are here to stay. Some are more prominent in the summer due to higher sun exposure, and will fade during winter of through the avoidance of direct sunlight. Hereditary freckles might fade away with age, and freckles caused by the sun have a tendency of increasing with age.
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