Human skin color is determined by pigments called melanin which are produced through specialized cells of the skin. There are around more than 150 genes which end up affecting our skin in both a direct and indirect manner. If the melanin production within an individual goes awry, their skin might appear to be lighter or darker than usual, or even blotchy and discolored. Too much melanin results in hyperpigmentation, while too little melanin results in hypopigmentation. The causes of this can be the following: hormones, endothelial cells, pregnancy, ultraviolet radiation, burning, or contact with certain chemicals which might be dangerous.
There are a few procedures which are usually considered to fix the issue of skin pigmentation. Laser treatment is the most renowned procedure for the removal of unwanted pigmentation on the skin, such as sun spots, age spots and freckles. Chemical peels are also widely considered for the treatment of hyper-pigmentation. These peels are specifically created for the evening out of the skin tone, treating fine lines and wrinkles, hyper-pigmentation, all while ensuring that the skin remains hydrated. Skin needling is also well known for treating hyper-pigmentation on darker skin colors. This treatment results in the rejuvenation of micro channels into the skin to promote a more normalized and balanced cellular function.
Common side effects of laser treatments for unwanted skin pigmentation consist of redness of the skin, the treated area swelling up, and moderate irritation similar to the feeling produced by a sunburn. In a few rare cases including laser skin resurfacing. Scarring, burning, or a change in the pigmentation of the skin have occurred. If lasers are used improperly, severe damage to the eyes can take place. Burns from laser exposure can potentially result in permanent blindness as well. Additionally, lasers causing extreme heat can make your skin and tissue heat up to highly damaging temperatures causing redness, burning, and blistering.
Laser skin surgeries have highly strict post operation guidelines which are critical for patients to follow properly. Skin upon which the treatment has been done will initially appear red and swollen for the first 24 hours, and so, it is advised to not use makeup, sunscreen, and to avoid excessive sun exposure as well. It is crucial to ensure that any trauma for the skin is avoided for the next few days as well, as bathing with very hot water, strenuous exercise, or a massage.
Furthermore, any cosmetic procedures such as tweezing, waxing, bleaching etc. must be avoided at all costs as well. Invasive treatments for the skin produce highly significant and satisfying results, however, they usually take a long time to show results, thus, it is important to stay patient through the process. The results are permanent as well, as for home remedies, they can sometimes prove ineffective. However, a few sessions of laser skin pigmentation are ample to ensure that skin patches and pigmentation are reduced, with the patches to never return as well. Additionally, it is always recommended to first start out with home remedies for yourself. Only if they prove to be ineffective, should one begin to consider the possibility of surgery.
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