Skin whitening is a procedure through which the melanin pigment in the skin is reduced to give people a whiter complexion. Individuals with dark complexions have more melanin, and it is the quantity of melanin which determines the color of a person’s skin. The production of melanin is influenced by exposure to the sun, exposure to chemicals, and the degree of damaged skin. Quite often, people resort to skin whitening methods to deal with issues such as freckles, scars, moles, acnes, birthmarks, and for people who wish to have fairer skin.
Step one is to inform your dermatologist regarding your desired skin tone. Then, the option for you is decided based upon your health, requirements, and financial position. One can go for a skin bleaching treatment, or potentially a surgery as well.
One option is laser skin whitening. In this, concentrated beams of short pulsed light are cast upon the targeted areas for the purpose of the removal of unwanted, damaged and irregular skin. This process ends up stimulating the new growth of fresh cells which results in lighter skin tones. Skin Whitening procedure can last between 30 minutes and 3 hours. There are three types of laser whitening procedures: Ablative laser resurfacing, non-ablative laser resurfacing, and fractional skin resurfacing.
Another option is a deep chemical peel procedure. In this, one’s face is numbed, and they go through a step wise cleansing process. Phenol is brushed onto the face, and then, the chemical on the face is neutralized with water. Following this, a thick coat of ointment is smoothed over your skin in order to prevent pain and dryness. The ointment is meant to stay in place, and in some occasions, the surgeon will cover your skin with medicated gauze or strips of tape instead of ointment.
In a laser whitening treatment, the following side effects can occur:
Bruising, skin dryness, sensitivity to light, tightness, swelling, scarring, pigmentation, skin texture difference, skin redness, irritation, and skin infections. Through deep chemical peel treatments, one can experience permanent damage such as hyper-pigmentation (skin darkening) or hypo-pigmentation (skin lightening). If one undergoes very aggressive whitening treatment, it is possible for their skin to become raw and to ooze forming crusts all over.
It is important to remember that not everyone is eligible for a skin whitening procedure. People with a history of heart-related disorders, recurring cold-sores or fevers, and a tendency to scar should avoid chemical peel treatment for skin whitening. Those with very dark skin aren’t recommended for deep chemical peel treatment either.
Once the treatment is done, one should wash the treated area with chemical free soaps, and one should only dab very gently. To obtain a full recovery, one should make full use of certain products such as petroleum jelly or aloe Vera gel to give a cooling and soothing effect. Painkillers can be used to reduce swelling, and lastly, sunscreen can be applied for a period of six months to prevent darkening or sunburn as at this point in time, the skin is extremely sensitive.
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