Gastric bypass also known as stomach reduction surgery or stomach bypass surgery is a surgery conducted for the purpose of helping individuals lose weight by changing the way one’s stomach and intestines handle the food they eat. Through a gastric bypass surgery, one’s stomach ends up smaller and one ends up feeling full with a lesser amount of food. The food eaten no longer goes into some parts of a person’s stomach and small intestine which is responsible for the absorption of food. Due to this, the body does not receive calories from all of the food which is eaten. Therefore, this is essentially another form of a weight loss surgery.
Before the surgery, one receives general anesthesia. Following this, two steps will take place. The first step consists of making your stomach smaller. The surgeon will use staples to divide your stomach into a small upper section and a larger bottom section. The top section of your stomach is where the food eaten will go. The second step consists of the bypass. In this, a small part of your small intestine is connected to a small hole in your pouch. All the food eaten will now travel from the pouch into this new opening and your small intestine.
A gastric bypass can take place in two ways. In an open surgery, your surgeon makes a large surgical cut to open your belly. The second way is known as a laparoscopic gastric bypass in which a tiny camera called a laparoscope is used. This scope allows the surgeon to see inside the belly of the patient.
Another form of a surgical weight loss procedure is a sleeve gastrectomy. In this, the stomach is reduced to around 15% of its original size through the surgical removal of a large portion of the stomach along the greater curvature.
In this, around a tube-shaped stomach around the size and shape of a banana is left in the end.
The following side effects can take place through gastric bypass surgery:
Greake, hernia, leakage, internal bleeding, vitamin or iron deficiency, stomach or intestine ulceration, skin separation, calorie malnutrition, dumping syndrome, and lastly, gallstones. In a laparoscopic gastric bypass, the risks consist of port malposition, hernia, skin separation, breakage, and band slippage. With gastric sleeve surgery, the risks associated are blood clots, gallstones, hernia, leakage, skin separation, vitamin or iron deficiency, and lastly internal bleeding.
One can potentially get a mini-bypass surgery done as well. This is an effective low-risk and low-failure procedure, and is quicker and technically easier in comparison to a traditionally gastric bypass surgery. This surgery was developed in order to reduce the operating time and simplify the procedure of a traditionally gastric bypass surgery.
One should be prepared for a specific diet at the end of the procedure, and frequent and regular check ups will be required as well.
You may complete the form below to request an appointment for health care experts.