Kyphosis is an abnormal rounding of the upper back. It is a common condition that usually develops in either adolescence, or young adulthood. While having a small curve in the supper back is normal, kyphosis is an excessive spinal curve that can result in issues of comfort and other lasting problems throughout the body. Age-related weakness, abnormalities in the spine, and poor posture can lead to kyphosis. The main symptom of kyphosis is an abnormal forward curve in the upper part of the spine. It ends up causing the supper back to appear hunched over with the shoulders being rounded forward. In milder situations, the spinal curve is not always very noticeable. However, in other cases, a person might look as if they are bending. Other symptoms include: Back pain, a rounded back, tight hamstrings, and stiffness in the upper back. Poor posture is a strong factor for the development of some types of kyphosis. This means that kyphosis is much likelier to occur people who adopt a poor posture for long periods of time, such as if they are working at a desk all day long.
There are several types of kyphosis:
Postural kyphosis: The most common type of kyphosis which occurs when the spine and surrounding muscles end up developing abnormally.
Scheuermann’s kyphosis: This is more severe than postural kyphosis, and doctors do not know what causes it.
Congenital kyphosis: This occurs when the spine does not end up developing properly in the womb, resulting in kyphosis at birth.