Hair transplant is a procedure in which a dermatologist or a plastic surgeon moves hair to a bald area of the head. The surgeon usually moves hair from the back or side of the head to the front or top of the head. These usually take place in a medical office under local anesthesia. Pattern baldness is the reason behind the majority of hair loss, coming down to genetics. There are a few other factors which be potential contributors as well, such as diet, stress, illness, medications, and hormonal imbalance. A hair transplant can make a highly positive difference to one’s self-esteem and confidence, and is usually considered in situations in which men are suffering from male pattern baldness, women with thinning hair, or for anyone who might have lost some hair from a burn, or a scalp injury.
There are two types of hair transplants: Slit grafts, and micrografts. Slit grafts contain 4 to 10 hairs per graft, while micrografts contain 1 to 2 hairs per graft depending on the extent of coverage needed.
Once your scalp is thoroughly cleaned, a surgeon uses a small needed to numb an area of your head with local anesthesia. There are two main techniques used to obtain follicles for transplantation: FUT and FUE..
Follicular unit transplantation (FUT):
In Follicular unit transplantation (FUT) surgeon uses a scalpel to cut out a strip of scalp skin from the back of one’s head. The incision is usually several inches long. The incision is then closed with the use of stitches. The surgeon then moves on to separating the removed portion of scalp into small sections using a magnifying lens and sharp surgical knife. Once implanted, these sections will help achieve natural-looking hair growth.
Follicular unit extraction (FUE):
In Follicular unit extraction (FUE) hair follicles are cut out directly from the back of the head through hundreds to thousands of tiny punch incisions. This commences with the surgeon making tiny holes with a blade or needle in the area of your scalp receiving the hair transplant. Hair is gently placed in all of the holes, then. During one treatment session, a surgeon could end up transplanting hundreds or even thousands of hairs. After this, the gauze, graft, or bandages will cover up your scalp for a few days.
A hair transplant session can take around 4 hours, or more. Your stitches can be removed about 10 days after the surgery is done.
Side effects from a hair transplant are usually minor, and vanish within a few weeks. These can include the following:
- Bruising around the eyes
- Swelling of the scalp
- Shock loss
- Inflammation or infection of the hair follicles
- Numbness or lack of sensation on the treated areas of the scalp
It is important to keep in mind that if you don’t take medication, or undergo a low level of laser therapy, you might continue to experience hair loss in non treated areas of the scalp. Furthemore, it is also normal for the transplanted hair to fall out two to three weeks after the procedure is done. This ends up making way for new hair growth. Most people will usually see new hair growth after 8 to 12 months of surgery. Hair transplants usually aren’t a good option for the following individuals: Those whose hair loss is due to medication such as chemotherapy, women with a widespread pattern of hair loss throughout the scalp, and for people who don’t have enough ‘’donor’’ hair sites from which to remove hair for transplant
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